AQHA American Quarter Horse Stud Book
American Quarter Horses, one of the earliest acknowledged types of equines in the United States. The type originated about the 1660s as a cross between native steeds of Spanish origin used by the earliest colonists and English equines imported to Virginia from about 1610. By the late 17th century, these steeds were being raced successfully over quarter-mile courses in Rhode Island and Virginia, and hence received the name Quarter Horses. The Quarter Steed was bred for performance and had substantial Thoroughbred blood as well as qualities of other lines. Essential sires consist of Janus, an English Thoroughbred imported to Virginia in 1756; Steel Dust (b. 1843); and Peter McCue (b. 1895), called the most prominent sire in enhancing the type.
In the early 19th century, Quarter Horses were eclipsed by Thoroughbreds, which ran better over longer ranges. However Quarter Horses quickly discovered a new approval in the western and southwestern United States as stock equines. The type’s inherent speed and agility made it preferably matched to the jobs of the establishing frontier. Its good-natured disposition and natural cow-sense made the American Quarter Horse a preferred mount amongst cowboys during the open-range period of the West.
Accessing the American Quarter Horse Stud Book online
Modern American Quarter Horses are brief and stocky, with heavy muscular development; short, large heads; and deep, broad chests. Since these horses are used to cut cattle from herds (see picture), quick beginning, turning, and stopping ability and speed for short distances are necessary qualities. Their colours vary, however all are solid. The height of mature animals varies from 14.3 to 16 hands (about 57 to 64 inches, or 145 to 163 cm), and their weight differs from 950 to 1,200 pounds (431 to 544 kg). They have a calm, cooperative temperament.
Members Access to the American Quarter Horse Stud Book
For years little attempt was made to develop a distinct type. In 1940, nevertheless, the American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA) was organised, and in 1950 it was rearranged to include other Quarter Horse organisations. The AQHA controls the American Quarter Horse Stud Book and Registry. With more than 2.5 million equines registered in its stud book by the late 20th century, the AQHA was the largest horse breeders’ organisation in the world.