Recommended for: Novices to professionals.
History of Quarter Horses
The American Quarter Horse is considered to be the oldest all-American breed. The origins of this breed started as early as the 1600s, right after settlement of the Americas by the British. In order to produce a steed suitable for both work and sport, thoroughbreds and other English kinds of equines (which descended from English, Arabian and Spanish types) were crossed to American steeds of Spanish origin currently in America. These latter horses were brought to the Americas by the Spanish conquistadors. A steed of this time needed to be ideal for numerous different skills such as farm work, stock work, basic transportation and sport. Throughout this age, horse racing over brief distances grew in popularity amongst the early colonists. The desire to increase the speed of these equines led to the importation of some early British Thoroughbreds. Races of short distances, usually an approximate quarter mile, grew increasingly more popular, hence the name now offered to this kind of horse. Unlike today’s large racing carnivals, these early races consisted of hastily arranged contests over rough paddocks, normally in between 2 steeds with private wagers in between settlers.
Although there was no stringent policy on breeding, the typical qualities preferred by the early inhabitants of speed, dexterity, compact shape and intelligence, ensured that these early types were to become the foundation of the contemporary Quarter Horse.
The development of the cow horse in the middle and late 1800s saw a more purposeful technique to the breeding and improvement of the Quarter Equine kind. These steeds verified indispensable to the stockmen and cowboys of the time. Alert, tractable, compact and strong, this kind of steed likewise had an instilled ‘cow-sense’, a capability to work among cattle and ‘check out’ their movements with little intervention by the rider. In working with cattle, this kind of equine required each of the skills that are now categorised into five distinct groups.
Regardless of its popularity and large numbers in the United States, until the Stud book was developed in the 1940s the Quarter Steed can only be considereded a kind of steed rather than a type. Considering that the commencement of the Stud book however, over 2.5 million entries appear in the American Quarter Horse Association’s register. Australia presently has the second largest populace of Quarter Horses world broad.
Activities Quarter Horses are used for:
Recent years have actually seen the breeding and development of the Quarter Horse directed into five certain groups, with little reproducing happening across these groups
1. Pleasure Horse: fit to general enjoyment riding. A basic utility steed with a calm personality and smooth gait.
2. Reining: concentrates on the horse’s capability to react very rapidly to the rider. Reining competitors involve speed and desire to respond to rein control.
3. Cutting: involves the equine working among cattle. The horse is utilized to cut a cow from the herd and prevent it from returning by countering its moves. These horses have acquired ‘cow sense’ over years of selective breeding.
4. Halter Horse: these equines are not ridden however led. They are judged on their conformation, discussion and character.
5. Racing: Not a popular sport in Australia. However this type of racing over the straight quarter mile draws in big crowds and stakes money in the United States.
Appearance or Look of Quarter Horses
The Quarter Steed has evolved as a compact, chunky steed standing about 1.52 m (15hh). Depending upon the discipline the horse is to be used for, there could be slight variations in conformation and temperament. For instance a Quarter Horse bred for reining might have more upright hocks than the Quarter Horse reproduced for racing. However, the most significant feature of the Quarter Horse, its exceptionally muscle and powerful hind quarters, are a common aspect of the type throughout all the disciplines. Unlike the Thoroughbred, with its long slim head, the Quarter Steed has a neat large head and broad gullet. This lead to a bigger passage for air to travel to and from the lungs, permitting more efficient respiration during exertion. Unlike the muscle and bulky hind quarters, the Quarter Equine has a fine and flexible neck, allowing for agility and balance during motion. Although Chestnut is the most typical color, any solid color is acceptable.
Personality of Quarter Horses
The many disciplines which the Quarter Equine could be reproduced for each require a horse with a simple and ready temperament. The nature of the work most frequently asked of the Quarter horse, is stock work, halter course or pleasure riding. For this, a tractable, responsive and eager steed is required. Of all the disciplines, the Quarter Horse is best understood all over the world for its cattle work. This skill is a genetic quality particularly looked for and bred into this kind of horse, supplying it with a natural and instinctive capability for working with cattle.
Upkeep, care and maintenance of Quarter Horses
As with all horses, the Quarter Horse needs regular workout and pet grooming. They are a sturdy breed and are similarly fit to paddock or stable life. If kept in the paddock, rugs ought to be supplied during the chillier months.
Health and life-span expectancy of Quarter Horses
Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HYPP) is a muscular illness which could affect some Quarter Horses. This condition is due to an imbalance of specific electrolytes occurring in the big muscles, causing uncontrolled muscle twitching and possible profound muscle weak point. This genetic problem originated from one particular stallion, and its descendants exist in Australia. Luckily a clinical test is available which determines those steeds which are bring the gene. Those horses in Australia detected with this recessive gene are still permitted to reproduce. However, by virtue of the type requirements, HYPP positive horses are not permitted to be imported into Australia. Quarter Horses could likewise struggle with navicular disease, a degenerative bone disease connected with the feet. Although this is not hereditary, the Quarter Horse has a predisposition for this condition due to its straight legged conformation. Owners will have to preserve hoof care to decrease problems. A healthy, well looked after Quarter Horse might live up to 30 years.
Expenses of Quarter Horses
Quarter Horses will cost from $2000 for a work or pleasure riding equine and up to $20,000 for quality breeding stock.
Quarter Horses are recommended for:
The gentle nature and the flexibility of the Quarter Steed ensures its viability for all levels of rider. Novices however should begin with an older, educated steed.